Cancer is quickly becoming the number one killer in Europe which has already taken the top spot in 12 European countries (France, Belgium, Israel, Denmark, Luxembourg, Italy, Norway, Slovenia, Portugal, United Kingdom, Spain, and the Netherlands). Noticeably, all the countries on this list are in Western Europe. Cardiovascular disease still remains the number one cause of death in Eastern Europe.
Although cardiovascular disease is still the number one cause of deaths in the world, cancer is a close second that continues to rise. There are a wide variety of reasons why cancer has been steadily growing, including more toxins in our air, water, and food. It’s important to learn how these factors affect the types of cancers that develop and who they affect the most.
In order to fight this epidemic and bring the numbers down, researchers must first identify the incidence and mortality rate, so they can figure out if there is a pattern and hence, identify those who are affected the most. It’s also important to know what types of cancers are more prevalent than others and why. Knowing this information can help researchers and government officials allocate funds and time toward the research that will have the most impact.
A report published in the European Journal Of Cancer contains research results, showing estimates of cancer incidence and mortality patterns for 40 countries in the European Union and other United Nations-defined areas of Europe for the year 2012.
By using statistical models, the research focused on mortality projections and cancer rates for 25 different types of cancers found in the 40 European countries. Information was gathered from recently-published articles and trends which was then applied to comparable population estimates to predict the amount of deaths and new cancer cases in Europe.
The results showed that in the year 2012, Europe had almost 3 and a half million new cases of cancer not including non-melanoma skin cancer. There were also 1.75 million deaths due to cancer that year as well. The top four cancers in Europe, which also account for half of all cancer cases, were breast cancer (464,000) followed by colorectal cancer (447,000), prostate cancer (417,000), and lung cancer (107,000). The top 4 causes of death from cancer in Europe were lung cancer, colorectal, breast, and stomach. It’s also estimated that in the European Union there are almost 1.4 million new cancer cases in males and 1.2 million new cases in females.
These estimates can be used by Europe to create a plan at both the national and the regional level in order to better treat and fight cancer. It is important that information about new cancer cases and cancer mortality rates be kept up to date in order to allocate funds and resources where it can be most useful. Without a proper plan in place, cancer cases and mortality rates will continue to go up and eventually become a financial burden that Europe is not ready for.